Hemorrhoids are masses of tissues in the anal canal. These masses of tissues are surrounded by muscle and elastic fibres adn contain blood vessels. Most people believe that hemorrhoids are deformities in the anus. The fact is, hemorrhoids are present in all human beings. They re a part of the normal anatomy of the anal canal.

Keeping the anus closed to stop unwanted leakage or giving you that extra few minutes to get to the rest room is the purpose of the hemorrhoid. When you cough or sneeze it is possible to feel the pressure of the hemorrhoids assisting the anal sphincter to keep the anus closed so as not to relieve yourself during the cough or sneeze.

There are two types of hemorrhoid. There are internal and external hemorrhoids. This only refers to the location of the hemorrhoid when it is flared up. Internal hemorrhoids stay inside the anus. They are often times show no symptoms and are hard to detect. External hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that are pushed outside the anus and feel as though you have a bulge on your backside. These types of hemorrhoids often display the most pain and discomfort.

A hemorrhoid can become inflamed and swollen by many different ways such as : pregnancy, heavy lifting, constipation, chronic diarrhea, obesity or even sitting in crowded uncomfortable seats. In these situations, what normally happens is that you either hold off on going to the rest room for long periods of time or you will, while using the bathroom exert excessive pressure on the anus causing the hemorrhoid to push out of its normal position.

The symptoms of hemorrhoids are very distinct and not hard to figure. When you go to the bathroom and it hurts the anal sphincter area when you defecate it is a good sign of hemorrhoids. Another sign is itchy and burning sensations at the anus. Another tell-tale sign of hemorrhoids is bright red blood on the paper when you clean yourself. Bleeding, a common sign of hemorrhoids, may be caused by something more serious such as anal or colorectal cancer. Therefore if you have any bleeding or even acute discomfort in the anal region you should seek medical advice.

If you have any of the following signs accompanied by the onset of hemorrhoids you should consult a physician as well:

- a sudden loss or gain of weight

- if you have mucous or other discharge in your stool

- if you are dizzy, faint or light headed due to excessive blood loss

- if your stool color changes to a maroon, dark brown, or black

- excessive

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